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Culture at UNESCO

The main lines of action in the cultural field are cultural diversity, creativity, heritage and intercultural dialogue.

Cultural diversity and dialogue: this theme has been a reflection topic at UNESCO, giving place to a number of Conferences, round tables, colloquia, seminars, meetings, reports and publications in several countries of the world. All this has allowed the advance towards the regulatory action reflected on the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions from 2005.

Creativity: this line of action stresses the socioeconomic component of the artistic and cultural activity. Therefore, its main tasks are the promotion of cultural industries, reading, arts and the protection of copyrights.

 Intercultural dialogue is deeply related to the theme of biodiversity; it strives for pluralism, respect and the appreciation of differences in the religious milieu at the local, national and regional levels. To attain such purposes, the Organization focuses its efforts on the execution of projects, the carrying out of events and the promotion of chairs aimed at the eradication of expressions of fanaticism and extremism.

Heritage:  it is one of the most advanced themes at UNESCO, with a wide development including the differentiation between tangible and intangible heritage, movable and non-movable, for the adoption of legal instruments as well as for the creation of committees for the different types of heritage identified.  

In order to protect cultural and natural heritage of universal value, UNESCO adopted the World Heritage Convention (1972) through which the Member States commit themselves to carrying out the preservation and protection of sites, monuments and works of art that have been declared world heritage.

With the purpose of advancing in the prevention of the illegal trafficking of cultural goods, UNESCO has led the regulatory and diplomatic actions towards two fundamental goals: the prevention of importing, exporting and the illicit transfer of property of cultural property as well as the Restitution of Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Goods.

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